Hurricanes

If you want to know more about this kind of storm then you will
need to understand what is hurricanes and how does it impact the environment and surroundings. Hurricanes are the massive storm that forms over the warm ocean waters and then moves towards the land causing massive destructions to life and property. This intense tropical storm is characterized by heavy rain, powerful winds, rip currents storm surges, landslides and inland flooding. Hurricanes are the large and swirling storms that are also known as typhoon, cyclone and tropical storm and it produces winds of the speed of 119 kilometers per hour or more.

Hurricanes can also be called as the severe kind of tropical storm that causes tremendous damage while eventually leading to flooding, destroying building, bridges and roads while knocking down trees and power lines. Hurricanes are formed over the warm ocean water near equator as the warm and moist air above ocean surface rises which causes the air from the surrounding areas to get sucked in. When this air becomes warm and moist, it begins a continuous cycle for forming clouds that rotate with Earth spin and when water becomes warmer, then it causes the hurricane. Hurricanes rotates around the eye which is the circular center and this place is calm but the area surrounding the eye is known as the eye wall which is the most destructive and dangerous part of the hurricanes that has heaviest rain, thickest clouds and strongest winds. Hurricanes can even produce tornadoes that are not stronger and it lasts for a few minutes only but slow moving hurricanes are known to cause serious damages as compared to the more powerful and faster moving hurricanes. The power of this tropical storm is measured on Saffir- Simpson hurricane wind scale that differentiates hurricanes into five different categories with 1 as the weakest and 3, 4 and 5 as major hurricanes.

Hurricane is also known to lose its strength as it move over the land but coastal regions are more prone to get destroyed by this tropical storm as it causes high waves and wide spread flooding. Tracking of the hurricanes are done with weather radar and weather satellites that are closer to the land as it measures the speed of the storm that causes a huge amount of destruction. When hurricanes occurs over the sea then it is harmless but when it move towards the land then it can cause serious damage and incredibly dangerous. The season is generally from June to November as it is the time of the year when the sea is most humid and warmest as it is the perfect condition for hurricanes to develop. This power winds has a relatively peaceful center called as eye as it is a tropical disturbance that can also lead to tropical depression. The warm and moist water of the ocean provides energy to the storm as it does not change in speed and direction and it can eventually lead to strong and powerful hurricanes.

Tornadoes

Tornadoes are seen as a straight ray of air flow, with a single side pressing earth’s area also, the second end is normally in connection with the heavy strong sky. Usually, tornadoes turn opposite of clock direction at the very large rate. One usual characteristic of many of the tornadoes is that they are usually visible to all of us using the shape of compacted funnels. These kinds of funnels are encased with the cloud of particles and even soil. A vortex of a storm is always produced on account of numerous powerful electrical power conversions.

There are plenty of distinctive forms of tornadoes. Most of the shapes and sizes could vary from their rope structure to mass cylindric shapes, or perhaps conical or alternatively several other constructions. A few of the tornadoes which might be spoken of include common tornadoes whilst some for example gustnado, as well as dust devil, is usually known as other relatives of tornadoes, because they may have storm constructions.

Supercell Tornadoes
Such type of tornado storms emanates from storms. the key sign of those hard thunderstorms is a presence of thicker forced air active inside continuous rotational motion, that’s known as the mesocyclone. The tornadoes which happen to have progressed out of these types of hard thunderstorms are usually giant in proportions and are in form of pitching wedge. Supercell tornado storms have a tendency to hold touch with the ground at a very prolonged period of time and also are usually extremely strong, with winds going with a pace over 2 hundred miles per hour.

A gustnado is generally understood to be any strong gust front part storm. It’s always weakened storm that doesn’t go on for the too long period of time. Basically, you can find no interconnection involving clouds bottom level and motion of force of the wind.

Another name for landspout tornado storm is dust particles storm. This kind of tornado can be of considerably less power in comparison to the supercell storm and in addition, they’re just of smaller time-span. Those tornadoes do not have whatever association to mesocyclone. While it is a weakened kind of tornado, these results in rather powerful winds which are robust to instill considerable devastation. Generally, soft amas funnel in landspout tornadoes will never be in contact with the ground. On the other hand, as soon as it generates contact, a small coating of debris is actually developed.

Such type of storms will be formed over the surface of the ocean. You’ll find a couple of kinds of waterspout tornado storms – – tornadic and also non-tornadic also called fair. Waterspouts are generally mesocyclonic tornado storms that are produced beyond the surface of the sea. Considering that they’re designed right from thunderstorms, these tornadoes feature big speed and force and are very damaging in characteristics. Then again, fair-weather waterspouts are generally a lot much less harmful. These are not a very powerful variety of tornado storm. Winds are actually very poor in character or advance quite at a low speed. An intensity of non-tornadic waterspout can be made weaker, even more, any time it gets to area layer.

 

 

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Extreme Weather on Earth

With the increasing frequency of extreme weather events around the world, it has become increasingly important to be aware of it. Extreme weather conditions have now become just that – extreme. Storms are worse now than ever, the summers are hotter, droughts are more extended and detrimental, and winters are seemingly more laborious than ever. For this reason, there is little doubt that we need to be better informed and better informed about the things that have emerged about the weather.

The charging of information about extreme weather, the known and accepted facts that we have about it, and its probable causes will surely help us to be better prepared, if only we know about it. It would be not only helpful but also exciting to learn, such as the question of whether global warming is related to extreme weather events if it leads to it. Then there are the other severe weather facts that are worth knowing about, at least it would prepare us to deal with whatever comes.

Global warming and extreme weather

There has always been the assumption that global warming and extreme weather events are directly related. But apart from assumptions, it would be best to look more closely and see if there is a real connection between global warming and the crazed ones we’ve seen in recent years. We have been used to hearing how global warming should stand behind any tide, hurricane or drought that is seen as an expression of extreme weather. The truth, however, shows that this question can not be answered as directly and definitively as we would like. This is due to the unpredictability and variability of the weather in every part of the world. If you say that looking at trends would be helpful to come to a more solid conclusion, that might be right, but it will take a lot of time. Safer answers could be found in the coming years, but at the moment it is still not considered sufficient. This is quite understandable if the required records are quite hard to find, and in some cases even missing or missing. That would indeed be a problem that needs to be addressed if we want to understand the relationship between global warming and extreme weather fully.

Global warming causes fundamental changes in the Jet Stream

The jet stream can be seen as waves in crests and valleys that move around the middle of the northern hemisphere and gently bend north and south. The temperature gradient (difference) between the Arctic latitudes and the North Atlantic latitude decreases in the fall as the Arctic Ocean releases the extra solar energy absorbed by incrementally melting ice as a result of global warming. Then, the air pressure difference between the two pressure fields is also reduced and the speed of the West-East winds of the Jet Stream is also reduced.

This is not to say that global warming is excluded as a significant factor in extreme weather events. In fact, it has effects and can affect the weather in different parts of the world. An example is an increase in heat in the atmosphere. In fact, compared to 40 years ago, the atmosphere holds four percent more water vapor. This is a direct result of elevated temperatures, and as a result, more rainfall would be expected.

 

 

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Common Types of Weather

Regardless of the place where one habit, each one of us experiences a particular type of weather. Different places/locations face different types of weather. As the old man used to phrase it, prevention is better than cure – my little grandchildren should be exposed to the morning sunshine to be enriched in vitamin D which is readily available from the sun and specifically morning sunshine. Did you know that good health goes hand in hand with wealth? What is the connection between wealth and weather? Are the words rhyming poetically? (These questions sound rather comical and rhetorical). Nonetheless, Weather is a catalyst of wealth in different aspects. In the case of health and wealth, one type of weather – sunny- it is highly rich in vitamin D which prevents rickets in growing kids.

What clicks in your mind when this word-weather- is mentioned? In other words what do you understand by the word weather? In general weather can be defined as the condition/state of the atmosphere at a particular place and time in regards to hotness, cloudiness, the humidity of the place, sunshine, precipitation and wind. Weather is affected by various factors such as climate and seasons which makes it to greatly vary. Due to variation of the weather in places resulted by various factors mentioned above, different types of weather exists. Below are some of the common types of weather we see:

1. Sunny. Literally, this is the brightness caused by the sun. In Optic Physics, which is the study of light, the rectilinear propagation of sunlight is where described. It is during this type of weather conditions that we experience the sunlight which is not only used by human beings but also it is majorly used by the plants in the manufacture of food. Without sunlight, photosynthesis- a process by which green plants make their own food using sunlight. When the weather is sunny we experience heat released from the sun.

2. Cloudy. During the cloudy weather, the sky is covered by the clouds. The radiation waves of the sun are blocked by the clouds from reaching the surface of the earth. Although the weather may be cloudy, it does not necessarily mean that it is cold since cloud cover can trap in the heat near the surface of the earth. In other words, the heat released during oxidation of glucose by the living things, especially animals, have longer wavelengths that are trap by the cloud cover from escaping into the atmosphere.

3. Windy. As the geographers say, wind is a moving, when the weather is windy, the principle of physics behind is the convectional currents – the warm air masses tend to rise up while the cold air rushes to occupy the space. The formation of the convectional currents results in wind. Wind is beneficial in the production of electricity but through advancement techniques of the use of turbines.

4. Rainy and Snowy. These two types of weather forms in a similar way. As the temperature falls, the water vapor in the clouds changes into rain/ snowflakes in case of snowy conditions. Once the saturation point is attained the clouds are unable to hold the rain/snow anymore and it begin to fall.

These are some of the most types of weather we see/experience in different localities.

 

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Common Weather Phenomena

Among the variable occurrences in the world is the weather. The fact that it is dynamic makes the atmosphere change from time to time. Sometimes these weather phenomena are disastrous while some are beneficial to the surrounding like snow in some countries is a tourist attraction.

What are some common weather phenomena?

Dew is among the most familiar phenomena of weather that occurs mostly at dawn and dusk. There are water droplets on grass, objects, and short sized plant matter and is as a result of condensation. When the surface exposed to air undergoes cooling through releasing its heat to the environment, moisture in the atmosphere condenses at a faster rate than its evaporating rate.

Thunder and lightning are experienced almost daily especially during thunderstorms in winter. Certain atmospheric conditions are responsible for causing rapid electrical discharges resulting in flashes of light which are termed as lightning and later trembling waves of sound called thunder. Scientifically, light travels faster than the sound that is why lightning will be seen first before a roar is heard.

The Rainbow is fascinating to view, and its formation is after reflection, refraction, and dispersion of rays of light happen. The aftermath is a spectrum of seven colors in the form of an arc that appears in the sky on the opposite side of the sun. Colors of the rainbow appear in the following order: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet.

Snow is a common weather phenomenon in the Western countries that are closer to the North and South Pole. Small crystals of ice in the clouds become compact to form snowflakes. When the crystals grow heavy, they drop on the ground as solid precipitation. Snow occurs when temperatures are below 0 degrees Celsius. Snow exists in two major types; dry and wet snow.

Clouds are visible in the sky all day and night. They form when air that is moist and warm rises cools and undergoes expansion in the atmosphere. Clouds appear in different shapes, and the types commonly known are nimbus, cirrus, cumulus, and stratus. Sometimes, there is a combination of different kinds of clouds to form other clouds.

Wind is moving air. Typically, the heat energy from the sun on the earth is unevenly distributed bringing a difference in air densities in different regions. When warm air goes through expansion, it rises while cold air will condense and sink. This flow of air differs with intensities and direction o wind it blows from. There are different types of winds like monsoon winds, westerly, trade winds, local winds and planetary winds.

Fog happens when cloud water droplets that are visible are suspended in the atmosphere near the surface of the earth. Fog is influenced by topography, large water bodies, and wind activities. Fog greatly affects warfare, shipping, and travel. Fog is almost similar to mist but slightly different.

Frost is as a result of the outside surface cooling while exceeding the point where becomes excessively cold, the water vapor present in the air turns into liquid and freezing takes place when it is cold enough.

 

 

 

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Insane Weather

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